A Waste Management Plan identifies the types and quantities of waste that are generated during the construction of new or upgraded facilities and during operations. Furthermore, the areas in which waste will be stored prior to removal are located by a Waste Management Plan and it also sets standards and performance measures for dealing with this waste.
A detailed description of how this waste should be reused, recycled and, if necessary, appropriately treated and disposed of in accordance with the EPA’s (Environmental Protection Agency) guidelines on the Assessment, Classification and Management of Liquid and Non-Liquid Waste, is given by the Waste Management Plan. The EPA guidelines are designed to ensure and maximise the quality, objectivity, utility and integrity.
Moreover the Waste Management Plan should include a description of how the effectiveness of these actions and measures will be monitored over time and a description of what procedures will follow to ensure compliance if any non-compliance is detected.
|NODES strategic objective||Contribution|
|Enhance accessibility and integration||0|
|Increase safety and security conditions||0|
|Increase economic viability and costs efficiency||+|
|Stimulate local economy||0|
|Increase environmental efficiency||++|
|Increase energy efficiency||+|
Application in NODES sites
Reading Station Redevelopment’s best practice approaches are set out in the Site Waste Management Plan (SWMP). This has been a requirement since 2008 for all developments in the UK over £300,000. Reading Station redevelopment includes:
The city administration in Osnabrück assigned an engineering office to acquire a previous pollutant report for the buildings that were pulled down during the reconstruction of the Neumarkt central interchange. Such reports require important information about the management of generated waste.
Implementation of the Waste Management Plan and Waste Hierarchy (see reference below) encourages the management and reduction of waste material, from design through to completion. The aim is to recover the maximum value from projects by reducing financial losses through material loss during construction. Furthermore, the Waste Management Plan ensures effective progress of the construction without imposing unnecessary additional costs on people and the environment nearby. It acts as a guide to encourage the prevention of waste, followed by reuse and recycling.
By encouraging recycling wherever possible and careful disposal of waste generated by the day-to-day running of the interchange, costs relating to landfill and associated taxes are kept to a minimum.
Considering that a demolition and rebuilding of an interchange is a significant environmental event, a proper Waste Management Plan avoids problems in the surrounding area.
The tool is likely to reduce costs by reducing waste disposal costs and taxes by encouraging re-use and recycling. Moreover additional costs on people and the environment nearby are reduced to a minimum.
Putting the plan together may require a significant amount of input from planners, contractors and environmental officers.
Further costs could arise if recycling equipment has to be purchased as part of the implementation.
Costs could be split between stakeholders.