Design standards and data

This tool provides references to a wide range of guides that incorporate standards and good practice applicable to a variety of scenarios relevant to the design of public transport interchanges. These scenarios are applicable across various modes including: bus, heavy rail, underground (Metro), light rail, cycling, walking and buildings / facilities. These design standards and data will help designers and promoters of public transport interchange projects to plan and apply minimum standards into the design performance specification as design interventions evolve during the design process.

The table below illustrates tool references relative to modes / facility:

Design Standards Data Table

NODES strategic objectiveContribution
Enhance accessibility and integration +
Enhance intermodality +
Enhance liveability +
Increase safety and security conditions ++
Increase economic viability and costs efficiency ++
Stimulate local economy 0
Increase environmental efficiency 0
Increase energy efficiency 0

Good practice

Reading Station Interchange (NODES demonstration) redevelopment used the ‘Accessible Train Station Design for Disabled People: A Code of Practice’ and the ‘Bus Stop Design Guide’ to help ensure the interchange design compliance with relevant standards.

In testing this set of tools Reading Borough Council stated: “These are useful tools to help increase awareness of problems and solutions to various aspects of interchange design and future operations. They provide good base information and illustrations allowing designers to appreciate the options available for their own interchange developments.”

Many of the guides referenced are used across Europe with those from UK sources more commonly used within the UK.

Potential interchange performance improvement

Applying relevant minimum standards referenced in the various guidance documents as an integral part of design development of interchanges will assist in providing a more efficient operation of an interchange and improve both customer and operational experience.


The multiple references to guidance documents are generally free of charge to review apart from the Metric Handbook, a UK document which costs approximately £40.

Many of the guides would be utilised by relevant experts / professionals, which form part of a design team but can be read by others and are fairly easy to understand.


  •  Metric Handbook Link
  • Accessible Train Station Design Link
  • Bus Stop Design Guide Link
  • Manual for Streets (MFS) 1 Link
  • Manual for Streets (MFS) 2 Link
  • European Bus Systems of the Future Link
  • Design Standards for Underground Stations Link