Design and planning of security

This tool provides reference to guidance documents, which will assist promoters and design teams in achieving high standards of security at stations and park-and-ride sites. The design and planning of security at interchanges is a key element for their successful operation and the user experience. 

The two guidance documents both provide information relative to improving security at interchanges. They are not connected and should be read separately. The Security in Design of Stations guide is primarily focused on the station and in the main heavy rail although its principles can be considered for other interchange environments. The Park Mark Security Standards are focused solely parking facilities and have been used by Centro in the UK as a minimum standard at park and ride sites in the West Midlands.

Security in Design of Stations (SIDOS) – Given the attractiveness of stations as potential targets for terrorism, the protection of passengers and staff who use the rail and underground networks is a priority for government and rail operators. Incorporating physical security measures into stations is one method of mitigating the risk of a terrorist attack and other crime. Incorporating such measures at an early stage in the design of a new or major redevelopment of a station has benefits both in terms of their effectiveness and of minimising costs, and can take better account of the needs of the travelling public.

The guide has been produced jointly by the UK Department for Transport (DfT), the Centre for the Protection of National Infrastructure (CPNI) and the British Transport Police (BTP), and has been designed to be as practical and user-friendly as possible.  Within the guide there are references to other non-security materials, as these will need to be considered, too.

Guidance (developed in the UK, however the principles and standards could be adopted in other countries, subject to the review of the design teams and any specific legislative requirements) intended for anyone involved in commissioning, planning, designing and managing new or major redevelopments of stations, and who aims to provide increased protection to persons using rail stations by designing in proportionate security measures, whilst taking account of ease of access.

‘Park Mark’ Security Standards – Security standards for car parks (developed in the UK, however the principles and standards could be adopted in other countries subject to the review of the design teams and any other legislative requirements, similar schemes may be available in other countries).

The initiative is owned by aCPo (association of Chief Police officers) and aCPos (association of Chief Police Officers Scotland). It is managed by the British Parking association (BPa) through Development Managers (DMs), and the scheme is supported by the Home Office, the Scottish Executive and all Police Forces in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. 1.2 the Park Mark® Safer Parking award (Park Mark®) is primarily aimed at the prevention of criminal behaviour within the parking environment, and thus requires owners/operators to adopt an active management strategy to ensure that there is minimal occurrence of crime.

The purpose of the Safer Parking scheme is to:

  • Reduce crime and the fear of crime within parking facilities;
  • Provide guidance to owners, operators and developers of parking facilities, both new and existing, on how to establish and maintain a safe and secure environment through the introduction of proven management processes, physical measures and site security systems, having considered the local crime and disorder within the immediate location;
  • Raise awareness of the general public that the owner/operator has considered and, where appropriate, taken action and introduced measures to ensure the parking facility is a safe environment, thus reducing crime and the fear of crime within that particular facility;
  • Provide a design framework for architects and developers of new parking facilities.

It should be noted that these examples are UK guides appropriate checks should be made by design teams as other European countries legislative requirements and standards may vary. 

NODES strategic objectiveContribution
Enhance accessibility and integration 0
Enhance intermodality 0
Enhance liveability +
Increase safety and security conditions ++
Increase economic viability and costs efficiency +
Stimulate local economy 0
Increase environmental efficiency 0
Increase energy efficiency 0

Good practice

Reading Borough Council has tested this tool and used the Park Mark Safer Parking Guide to review parking facilities around Reading Station Interchange. Reading Borough Council in reviewing the tool stated;

“The tool is widely used in the UK, however, the principles and standards could be adopted in other countries subject to legislative and other requirements. The principle of secure safe car parks is one that every interchange should aspire to, and makes every effort to provide.”

“Adopting the principles and standards in these guides will help to improve security at interchange car parks and will ultimately have a positive impact on users’ perception of security, thus improving the customer experience.”

Potential interchange performance improvement

It is acknowledged in the UK that adopting the principles and standards illustrated in these guides will help to improve security conditions at stations and will ultimately have a positive impact on users perception of security, thus improving the user experience.


No specific resource implications if only adopting principles and standards in other countries outside the UK. May require some engagement with local security and planning officers to agree application of guidance relative to project being undertaken.


Security in Design of Stations (SIDOS) Link

‘Park Mark’ Security Standards (Website) Link (Guidelines) Link

Integrated Security – A public realm design guide for hostile vehicle mitigation Link